Orfalea Center Thematic Research Cluster

Transnationalizing the Study of the United States


The following are the categorical resources that are relevant to the study of the historical precedent and global consequences of the post-9/11 war on terror.

Charountaki, Marianna. Iran and Turkey: International and Regional Engagement in the Middle East. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2018. 

This book provides a detailed account on the relationships between Iran, Turkey, Soviet Union, U.S., and U.K during the Cold War with a special focus on policies such as the Nixon Doctrine.

Cronin, Stephanie. Armies and state-building in the modern Middle East: politics, nationalism and military reform. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2014.

This book adds an historical understanding to a contemporary political analysis, the behavior of the Middle Eastern armies to furnish a guide firstly to the actions and reactions of officers, and secondly to the dynamic and reciprocal character of army-society relations, as events unfold across a region in crisis.

Barrett, Roby C. The Greater Middle East and the Cold War. US Foreign Policy Under Eisenhower and Kennedy. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2007.

With a dramatic backdrop of revolutionary Arab nationalism, Zionism, indigenous Communism, teetering colonial empires, unstable traditional monarchies, oil, territorial disputes and the threat of Soviet domination of the region, this book vividly highlights the fundamental similarities between the goals and application of foreign policy in the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations as well as the impact of British influence on the process.

Bezci, Egemen. Turkish Intelligence and the Cold War: The Turkish Secret Service, the US and the UK. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2019.

Examines the unexplored history of secret intelligence cooperation between three asymmetric partners – specifically the UK, US and Turkey – from the end of the Second World War until the Turkey’s first military coup d’état on 27 May 1960.

Alijla, Abdalhadi M. Trust in Divided Societies State, Institutions and Governance in Lebanon, Syria and Palestine. Bloomsbury, 2020.

When countries try to navigate through the aftermath of conflict, trust is the main focus and the catalyst for rebuilding societies, nations, economies and democracies. Trust is vital, not only at an individual level, but also at a community level: trust is important to sustain peace and also works as a trigger to end conflicts. But why are some divided societies more prone to the collapse of social trust than others?

Brennan, James P. Argentina’s Missing Bones: Revisiting the History of the Dirty War. Vol. 6. Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2018.

This text examines the history of state terrorism during Argentina’s 1976—83 military dictatorship in a single place: the industrial city of Córdoba, Argentina’s second largest city and the site of some of the dirty war’s greatest crimes. It examines the city’s previous history of social protest, working class militancy and leftist activism as an explanation for the particular nature of the dirty war there. Missing Bones examines both national and transnational influences on the counter-revolutionary war in Córdoba. The book also considers the legacy of this period and examines the role of the state in constructing a public memory of the violence and holding accountable those responsible through the most extensive trials for crimes against humanity to take place anywhere in Latin America.

Richards, Patricia. “Of Indians and terrorists: how the state and local elites construct the Mapuche in neoliberal multicultural Chile.” Journal of Latin American Studies 42, no. 1 (2010): 59-90.

This article argues that the process of creating neoliberal multicultural citizens is not only imposed from above, but also informed by local histories, attitudes and social relationships. Official neoliberal multiculturalism is shaped by transnational and national priorities, and involves constructing some Mapuche as terrorists while simultaneously promoting multicultural policies.

Li, Darryl. The Universal Enemy: Jihad, Empire, and the Challenge of Solidarity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2019.

Li argues that jihadists represent “the universal enemy.” They are perceived as the enemy of all, but they are also universalists in their aspiration for a transnational Muslim fellowship through jihad.

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