Orfalea Center Thematic Research Cluster

Transnationalizing the Study of the United States

Comparative Perspectives on National Security Rhetoric and Practice

The following are the categorical resources that are relevant to the study of the historical precedent and global consequences of the post-9/11 war on terror.

Ramos García, José María. “La Política De Seguridad Fronteriza En La Administración Del Presidente Trump: 2016-2017.” Norteamérica 13, no. 1 (2018): Norteamérica, 02/18/2018, Vol.13(01).

Argues that Trump will focus on border security and continue the work of Bush and Obama which will lead to a decrease in migrant crossing.

Frey, Barbara. Mexico’s Human Rights Crisis. Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019.

The “war on drugs” launched in 2006 by President Felipe Calderón and the corrupting influence criminal organizations have on public institutions have empowered both state and nonstate actors to operate with impunity. Impunity, they argue, is the root cause that has enabled a human-rights crisis to flourish, creating a climate of generalized violence that is carried out, condoned, or ignored by the state and precluding any hope for justice.

Olives Thompson, Glen. “Slowly Learning the Hard Way: U.S. America’s War on Drugs and Implications for Mexico.” Norteamérica 9, no. 2 (2014): 59-83.

Argues that these localized US policies have also led to drug cartel violence in Mexico and other countries. This article proposes policy changes.

“Egypt: ‘Officially, You Don’t Exist’ – Disappeared and Tortured in the Name of Counterterrorism.” 2016. Amnesty International.
 
This report highlights how the expansion of the meaning of terrorist has enabled the Egyptian state to forcefully disappear and torture dissident bodies.
 
Topak, Özgün. “The Making of a Totalitarian Surveillance Machine: Surveillance in Turkey Under AKP Rule.” Surveillance & Society 15, no. 3/4 (2017): 535-42.
 
Examines surveillance practices under the rule of Erdoğan’s AKP in Turkey and their culmination in their current totalitarian form following the 2016 coup attempt. It analyzes how Gezi Park protests and labeling of protesters as terrorists facilitated Erdogan’s surveillance strategies (themselves linked to post-9/11 U.S. policies).
 
“Country Reports of Terrorism 2007.” 2008. United State Department of State.
 
This chapter highlights terrorism trends and ongoing issues in 2007 to provide a framework for detailed discussion in later chapters. It has included Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria as State Sponsors of Terrorism.
 
Michaelsen, Marcus. “Far Away, So Close: Transnational Activism, Digital Surveillance and Authoritarian Control in Iran.” Surveillance & Society 15, no. 3/4 (2017): 465-70.
 
Shows how digital surveillance allows the regime to monitor political activity outside the country and to prepare counter-measures projecting power beyond borders.
 
Estévez, Ariadna. Guerras necropolitics y biopolítica de asilo en américa del norte. Rústica, 2018.
 
A study on necro-political wars and asylum biopolitics in North America, particularly examining the war against drug trafficking, and the war against the bodies of women.
 
Webb, Maureen. Illusions of Security : Global Surveillance and Democracy in the Post-9/11 World. City Lights Books 1st ed. San Francisco, USA: City Lights Books, 2007.

Explicates on the policies that went into effect after 9/11 and how it changed the ways companies and nations monitored movement. She traces the origin of these policies to 1990s, but argues 9/11 made the implementation of these policies an actuality.

Durán-Martínez, Angélica. The Politics of Drug Violence : Criminals, Cops and Politicians in Colombia and Mexico. New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Looks at the connection between violence that results from illicit markets and its connection to the state.

Bhungalia, Lisa. “From the American People”: Sketches of the US National Security State in Palestine. Jadaliyya, 2012.

Highlights the ways practices of colonial subjugation and management are being mobilized through the less sensational, seemingly mundane spaces and practices of aid governance. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) offers one site through which to view this articulation.

Emery, James. “The Global War on Drugs.” The World & I Online, 2007, The World & I Online, November 2007.

This essay presents the drug war as a global mechanism to police, disenfranchise, and displace poor communities of color in areas of capitalist expansion.

Lidberg, Johan and Denis Muller. In the Name of Security : Secrecy, Surveillance and Journalism. London, UK; New York,Ny, USA: Anthem Press, 2018.
 
Examines how freedom of expression constitutional and human rights provisions in the Five Eyes democracies have, in reality, offered minimal protection to journalists and their sources in the post-9/11 ‘state of exception’ era.
Jones, Craig. The War Lawyers The United States, Israel, and Juridical Warfare. London: Oxford University Press, 2021.
 
The only book-length study that examines the role of war lawyers in aerial targeting operations, focusing on both U.S. and Israeli targeting practices and their legal protocols.
 
 
This article looks at the transregional entanglements that characterize authoritarian power. Using the cases of port cities Aqaba in Jordan and Buenaventura in Colombia, the authors argue that authoritarian power is transregionally entangled rather than separate and limited to the nation-state. This contextual analysis brings to light the transnational character of authoritarianism and its repression of opposition, activism and nature of politics.
 
Roehm, Scott, Rita Siemion and Hina Shamsi. “Toward a New Approach to National and Human Security.” Just Security, 2020.
 
This resource is a four-part series marking the 19th anniversary of the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. It lays out steps the executive branch can take to rethink and reshape the United States’ approach to certain of the key issues.

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